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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-48

Does socioeconomic status have an association with cranio-vertebral anomalies: A step toward healing the curse!

Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arun Kumar Srivastava
Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpn.JPN_49_20

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Background: The etiological or causal factors of pediatric craniovertebral junction anomalies (CVJA) are still unknown. The disease bears a major proportion of economic and social burdens over a developing country like ours. This article aims to highlight an important modifiable factor that may prove to have a critical causal relationship with disease incidence. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional, single-institutional study, wherein the socioeconomic status (SES) of all the operated pediatric patients of CVJA, between 2014 and 2019, was studied. Variables including the patient’s age, sex, residence status (rural or urban), perioperative data, length of stay, follow-up, and the time between revision surgery (if required) and clinical presentation were noted. Data regarding average household and type of family (nuclear or joint) were also enquired. Results: Sixty-six patients (M:F 56:10) with a mean age of 13.14 ± 3.44 years were included. The mean annual family income was 11.1 ± 12.1 thousands. 43.9% belonged to joint family; according to Kuppuswami and Prasad scale, 42.4% of patients belong to lower class, while 20 patients belong to lower middle class, and 14 patients belong to the below poverty line category. Neither the SES of patient nor rural–urban background affected the surgical outcome. The mean follow-up of patients in our study was 42.3 ± 23.0 months and 83.3% had a good outcome. Discussion: Patients operated for CVJ anomaly in the authors’ institution mainly come from the lower socioeconomic groups. The present study raises several important questions like nutritional deficiencies in reproductive age group females leading to a cascade of events as a causal factor.


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