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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 344-345

DiGeorge syndrome with sacral myelomeningocele and epilepsy

1 Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Konya, Turkey
2 Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gülsüm Alkan
Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Selcuk University, Konya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_92_17

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DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome. The phenotype of DGS is highly variable involving facial, velopharyngeal, cardiac, immunologic, endocrinal, and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Although neural tube defects (NTDs) have not been described as components of DGS in standard pediatric textbooks, there have been a few case reports of DGS with NTDs. Furthermore, in patients with DGS, seizures can occur due to hypocalcemia or cortical dysgenesis. Few cases of epilepsy have been reported with NTDs without a cortical defect. Here, we report a case of an infant with DGS with a sacral myelomeningocele inherited from the mother. The infant developed epilepsy without hypocalcemia or cortical dysgenesis which is considered related to the sacral myelomeningocele.


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