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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-18

Management of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

1 Department of Psychiatry and De-addiction, PGIMER and Dr RML Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry and De-addiction, Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Psychology, Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.84400

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD/ADD) is a neurobehavioral disorder of childhood onset characterized by severe, developmentally inappropriate motor hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsiveness that result in impairment in more than one setting. It affects the home, school, and community life of 39% of school-going children worldwide. There is increasing recognition that ADHD symptoms and clinically defined disorder can persist into adult life and are associated with later drug and alcohol misuse and social and work difficulties. Added to that is the extreme variability of the disorder over time, within the same individual, between individuals, and across different circumstances. Treatment with stimulants and nonstimulants has proven effective in different subgroups, with the effectiveness of specific agents most likely related to the primary neurotransmitter involved. However, stimulants with a short duration of action have been problematic for some patients. Parent training and cognitive behavioral therapies represent the most widely adjunct psychosocial interventions to pharmacotherapy.


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