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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 211-217

Perioperative management of pediatric giant supratentorial tumors: Challenges and Management strategies


1 Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neuro-Critical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dwarakanath Srinivas
Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Faculty Block, Neurocenter, Bangalore-560011, Karnataka.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpn.JPN_51_19

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Background: Intracranial tumors are the most common pediatric solid tumors. Only one-third of these tumors arise from the supratentorial compartment. The abnormal intracranial tumors are unusual but can bleed to an extent causing hemorrhagic shock necessitating blood transfusion in the perioperative period. The perioperative management of these subset of patients poses a unique challenge to both the neurosurgeons and the neuroanesthetic team. Materials and Methods: This study included a case series of 30 patients with giant supratentorial neoplasms who underwent craniotomy and tumor resection from 2014 to 2017 in our Tertiary Care Institute. The clinical data were collected from the patient’s records obtained from the Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, Karnataka, India. The aim of this case series was to characterize the perioperative challenges, management strategies, course, and outcome in 30 children who were operated for elective or emergency resection of giant supratentorial lesions in our hospital. We also reviewed the literature available to guide the anesthetic management of pediatric patients with intracranial tumors. Results: Among the 30 patients, four had significant intraoperative fluid shifts necessitating massive blood transfusion perioperatively. The overall incidence of mortality in our study cohort was 16.67% (5/30). Conclusion: The maintenance of systemic physiological homeostasis by anticipation of complications, vigilant monitoring, and prompt resuscitation is critical to foster favorable outcomes in unison with optimal and safe surgical extirpation of the primary cerebral lesion.






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