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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 192-195

Is it the monster “teratoma” or simply meningomyelocele: Our experience of “histological surprise”


Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun Kumar Srivastava
Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jpn.JPN_188_16

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Teratomas are one of the most common tumors in newborn with excellent prognosis arises from totipotent primordial germ cells harboring two or three germ cell layers. The tumor has been titled “Great masquerade.” The teratomas of sacrococcygeal region present with lower limb weakness, urinary or bowel obstruction, and swelling at lower back or intrauterine mass in ultrasound or complicated delivery. A 2-month-old male child presented with complaints of swelling over lumbosacral region with discharging punctum since birth. Sagittal T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed myelocele at L5 level forming placode with central defect at L4-S1 and low-lying tethered cord up to L4–L5. The patient was operated, and histopathology surprisingly came to be mature teratoma. We followed the patient with serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin and alpha-fetoprotein markers and MRI. Literature supports complete surgical removal, including coccyx and tumor base. Mature teratoma is considered as benign disease thus even subtotal excision is appropriate but with aggressive follow-up. The difference in recurrence following total compared to subtotal resection is considered insignificant. In this article, we have discussed the management of teratoma in detail. Teratoma with meningomyelocele is a rare entity. There is still dilemma in managing cases and prognosticating parents in such patients. The provisional diagnosis of teratoma should also be considered when child presents as midline sacrococcygeal mass.






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