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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 338-340

Primary angiitis of the central nervous system: A rare and reversible cause of childhood stroke


Department of Pediatrics, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Aashima Dabas
A-202, A-Block, Vikas Puri, New Delhi - 110 018
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.199473

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Childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (cPACNS) is a rare and a potentially fatal cause of childhood stroke. The disease poses a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians due to overlapping and varied clinical manifestations such as headache, focal acute neurological deficits, cognitive impairment, or encephalopathy. We report a young boy who presented with low-grade fever and headache but rapidly progressed to develop acute encephalopathy and quadriparesis with multiple cranial nerve palsies, masquerading as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. The neuroimaging was suggestive of vasculitis. He was diagnosed as cPACNS and recovered with immunosuppressive therapy.






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