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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 322-323

Acute bulbar palsy plus syndrome: A rare variant of Guillain–Barre syndrome


Department of Pediatrics, Cantonment General Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanghamitra Ray
Flat No. 176, Pocket-1, Sector-1, Dwarka, New Delhi - 110 075
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.199480

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Guillain–Barre syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis worldwide both in adult and pediatric population. Although flaccid paralysis is the hallmark of this disease, there are some rare variants which may be easily missed unless suspected. Here, we present a very rare variant of GBS - acute bulbar palsy plus syndrome in a pediatric patient. A 13-year-old female child presented with right-sided lower motor neuron type of facial palsy and palsy of bilateral glossopharyngeal and vagus nerve of 2 weeks duration. On detailed neurological examination, motor and sensory system were normal, but the deep tendon reflexes were absent universally. Nerve conduction study showed demyelinating motor neuropathy. Based on typical clinical course and electrophysiological studies, the diagnosis was made. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first pediatric case of unilateral facial palsy with bulbar involvement without any motor abnormality.






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