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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 181-184

Iniencephaly: Case Report


1 Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cartagena, Colombia
2 Department of Neurosurgery, University of Magdalena, Colombia

Correspondence Address:
Hernando R Alvis-Miranda
University of Cartagena, Bolívar
Colombia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.159211

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The iniencephaly involves a variable defect in the occipital bone, resulting in a large foramen magnum, partial or total absence of the cervical and thoracic vertebrae, accompanied by incomplete closure of arcs and/or vertebral bodies, significant shortening of the spinal column and hyperextension of the malformed cervicothoracic spine; the individual's face is deviated upward, the mandibular skin is directly continuous with anterior thorax due to the absence of neck. Its incidence is about 1:1000-1:2000 births, so this is a pretty rare neural tube defect. We present a case of iniencephaly in association with cardiovascular, spinal cord, and intracranial malformations that ended demonstrating the low survival of patients affected with this condition.






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