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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 175-178

Muscular myopathies other than myotonic dystrophy also associated with (CTG) n expansion at the DMPK locus


1 Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Kamineni Hospitals; Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical Research Centre, Lakdikapul, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical Research Centre, Lakdikapul; Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Research Centre, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Kamineni Hospitals; Department of Genetics, Vasavi Medical Research Centre, Lakdikapul; Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Research Centre, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vasavi Mohan
Department of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, Kamineni Hospital, Dilsukhnagar, Hyderabad - 500 068, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.106471

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Objective: Assess triplet repeat expansion (CTG) n at the 'dystrophia-myotonica protein kinase' (DMPK) locus in muscular myopathies to elucidate its role in myopathic symptoms and enable genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis in families. Methods and Results: Individuals with symptoms of myopathy, hypotonia and controls selected randomly from the population were evaluated for triplet repeat expansion of (CTG) n repeats in the 3'untranslated region (UTR) of DMPK gene, the causative mutation in myotonic dystrophy (DM). DNA was isolated from peripheral blood of 40 individuals; they presented symptoms of muscle myopathy ( n = 11), muscle hypotonia ( n = 4), members of their families ( n = 5) and control individuals from random population ( n = 20). Molecular analysis of genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers specific for the DMPK gene encompassing the triplet repeat expansion, showed that all controls ( n = 20) gave a 2.1 kb band indicating normal triplet repeat number. Three out of 11 cases (two clinically diagnosed DM and one muscular dystrophy) had an expansion of the (CTG) n repeat in the range of 1000-2100 repeats corresponding to the repeat number in cases of severe DM. Other two of these 11 cases, showed a mild expansion of ~ 66 repeats. Three samples, which included two cases of hypotonia and the father of a subject with muscular dystrophy, also gave a similar repeat expansion (~66 repeats). Conclusion: Results suggest a role of (CTG) n expansion at the DMPK locus in unexplained hypotonias and muscular myopathies other than DM. This calls for screening of the triplet repeat expansion at the DMPK locus in cases of idiopathic myopathies and hypotonia.






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