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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 31-40

Spinal dysraphism


Department of Neurosurgery, Advanced Neuroscience Institute, BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
N K Venkataramana
Department of Neurosurgery, Advanced Neuroscience Institute, BGS Global Hospital, BGS Health and Education City, No. 67, Uttarahalli Road, Kengeri, Bangalore - 560 060
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.85707

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To review the clinical features and current understanding of spina bifida with an emphasis on the Indian Scenario. Selected articles and current English language texts were reviewed. The authors experience was also reviewed and analysed. Spina bifida is a common congenital anomaly encompassing a wide spectrum of neural tube defects.It is broadly classified as spina bifida aperta and occulta. With the prenatal screening, the incidence of aperta is gradually declining, whereas the detection of occulta has increased with the advent of magnetic resonance imaging. Over the years, the understanding of pathophysiology has made a significant changein the management of these anomalies. Early detection and complete correction can significantly reduce the neurological disability. This article is an overview of spina bifida with a special emphasis on Indian scenario.






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