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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 65-68

Intraoral plexiform neurofibroma involving the maxilla - pathognomonic of neurofibromatosis type I


Department of Oral Pathology, V. S. Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Smitha Thammaiah
Department of Oral Pathology, V. S. Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.84413

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Neurofibromatosis is one of the phakomatosis (neurodermatoses) which are genetically determined hamartomatous or neoplastic diseases of the skin and nervous system. It is not a single entity, but a group of heterogeneous multisystemic neurocutaneous disorders involving both neuroectodermal and mesenchymal derivatives. Plexiform neurofibroma, a histopathologic variant of neurofibroma, is a hallmark of neurofibromatosis type I (NF-I). It is pathognomonic of NF-I and may be the first sign of neurofibromatosis. It often appears within the first 2 years of life or before adolescence and occurs in only 5% of NF-I cases. We present a case of intraosseous plexiform neurofibroma of the maxilla in a 2-year old female, which is rare, along with the oral manifestations and clinicopathological characteristics. Because NF-I is one of the most common genetic disorders and oral manifestations are common, knowledge of the variability of presentation in children is necessary for prompt diagnosis.






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