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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-69

Outcome of endoscopic third ventriculostomy and Chhabra shunt system in noncommunicating non-tumor childhood hydrocephalus


1 Department of Surgery, Neurological Surgery Unit, Surgery, Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Lagos State University College of Medicine and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O E Idowu
Neurological Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1817-1745.57323

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Background : Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) the main alternative to ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is just beginning to have a foothold in West Africa. It provides a great opportunity for a hydrocephalic child to be shunt free. The purpose of this paper is to compare outcome following ETV and VPS (using the cheap Chhabra shunt) in children with noncommunicating non-tumoral hydrocephalus in an environment where late presentation is the norm. Materials and Methods : Sixty-three pediatric patients (<6 years) with hydrocephalus who underwent a VPS or ETV at our hospital were included in this study. The study period was of 30 months (January 2006 till June 2008). Clinically successful outcome was defined as no event occurring during or after surgery that resulted in an alternate surgical procedure, or significant post-operative complication that includes death. All complications related to the procedures were also analyzed. Results : The outcome of surgical intervention was not significantly related to the gender, age of the patient at surgery, or type of surgery. The post-operative complication rate was similar in both groups. Conclusions : The clinical outcome of ETV is comparable to that of VPS, with the added benefit of no shunt-related problems; and being a short procedure, patient anesthesia and operation time, hospital stay, and cost are significantly reduced. We consider ETV to be the procedure of choice for the treatment of noncommunicating nontumoral hydrocephalus in the pediatric population.






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